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Literaturnachweise

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20.  Caulfield LE, Zavaleta N, Shankar AH, Merialdi M. (1998): „Potential contribution of maternal zinc supplementation during pregnancy to maternal and child survival.“ Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;68(2 Suppl):499S-508S.  (PubMed)

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24.  Shankar, A.H. & Prasad, A.S. (1998): „Zinc and immune function: the biological basis of altered resistance to infection.“ American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1998; volume 68: pages 447S-463S.  (PubMed)  

25.  Wapnir RA. (2000): „Zinc deficiency, malnutrition and the gastrointestinal tract.“ J Nutr. 2000;130(5S Suppl):1388S-1392S.  (PubMed)

26.  Bhutta ZA, Bird SM, Black RE, et al. (2000): „Therapeutic effects of oral zinc in acute and persistent diarrhea in children in developing countries: pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials.“ Am J Clin Nutr. 2000;72(6):1516-1522.  (PubMed)

27.  Fischer Walker CL, Black RE. (2007): „Micronutrients and diarrheal disease.“ Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45 Suppl 1:S73-77.  (PubMed)

28.  Aggarwal R, Sentz J, Miller MA. (2007): „Role of zinc administration in prevention of childhood diarrhea and respiratory illnesses: a meta-analysis.“ Pediatrics. 2007;119(6):1120-1130.  (PubMed)

29.  The United Nations Children's Fund/World Health Organization. (2004): „WHO/UNICEF Joint Statement: Clinical Management of Acute Diarrhoea.“ Geneva; New York; 2004:1-8.  Available at:http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_21433.html

30.  Bhutta ZA, Black RE, Brown KH, et al. (1999): „Prevention of diarrhea and pneumonia by zinc supplementation in children in developing countries: pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials.“ Zinc Investigators' Collaborative Group. J Pediatr. 1999;135(6):689-697.  (PubMed)

31.  Black RE. (1998): „Therapeutic and preventive effects of zinc on serious childhood infectious diseases in developing countries.“ Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;68(2 Suppl):476S-479S.  (PubMed)

32.  Shankar AH. (2000): „Nutritional modulation of malaria morbidity and mortality.“ J Infect Dis. 2000;182 Suppl 1:S37-53.  (PubMed)

33. Muller O, Becher H, van Zweeden AB, et al. (2001): „Effect of zinc supplementation on malaria and other causes of morbidity in west African children: randomised double blind placebo controlled trial.“ BMJ. 2001;322(7302):1567.  (PubMed)

34.  The Zinc Against Plasmodium Study Group (2002): „Effect of zinc on the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in children: a randomized controlled trial.“ Am J Clin Nutr. 2002;76(4):805-812. (PubMed)

35.  Sazawal S, Black RE, Ramsan M, et al. (2007): „Effect of zinc supplementation on mortality in children aged 1-48 months: a community-based randomised placebo-controlled trial.“ Lancet. 2007;369(9565):927-934.  (PubMed)

36.  Salgueiro MJ, Zubillaga M, Lysionek A, et al. (2000): „ Zinc status and immune system relationship: a review.“ Biol Trace Elem Res. 2000;76(3):193-205. (PubMed)

37.  Fortes C, Forastiere F, Agabiti N, et al. (1998): „The effect of zinc and vitamin A supplementation on immune response in an older population.“ J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998;46(1):19-26.  (PubMed)

38.  Shah D, Sachdev HP. (2006): „Zinc deficiency in pregnancy and fetal outcome.“ Nutr Rev. 2006;64(1):15-30.  (PubMed)

39.  Caulfield LE, Zavaleta N, Figueroa A, Leon Z. (1999): „Maternal zinc supplementation does not affect size at birth or pregnancy duration in Peru.“ J Nutr. 1999;129(8):1563-1568.  (PubMed)

40.  Osendarp SJ, van Raaij JM, Arifeen SE, Wahed M, Baqui AH, Fuchs GJ. (2000): „A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the effect of zinc supplementation during pregnancy on pregnancy outcome in Bangladeshi urban poor.“ Am J Clin Nutr. 2000;71(1):114-119.  (PubMed)

41.  Mahomed K, Bhutta Z, Middleton P. (2007): „Zinc supplementation for improving pregnancy and infant outcome.“ Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007;(2):CD000230.  (PubMed)

42.  Jackson JL, Lesho E, Peterson C. (2000): „Zinc and the common cold: a meta-analysis revisited.“ J Nutr. 2000;130(5S Suppl):1512S-1515S.  (PubMed)

43.  Prasad AS, Fitzgerald JT, Bao B, Beck FW, Chandrasekar PH. (2000): „Duration of symptoms and plasma cytokine levels in patients with the common cold treated with zinc acetate. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.“ Ann Intern Med. 2000;133(4):245-252.  (PubMed)

44.  Turner RB, Cetnarowski WE. (2000): „Effect of treatment with zinc gluconate or zinc acetate on experimental and natural colds.“ Clin Infect Dis. 2000;31(5):1202-1208.  (PubMed)

45.  Mossad SB. (2003): „Effect of zincum gluconicum nasal gel on the duration and symptom severity of the common cold in otherwise healthy adults.“ QJM. 2003;96(1):35-43.  (PubMed)

46.  Hirt M, Nobel S, Barron E. (2000): „Zinc nasal gel for the treatment of common cold symptoms: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.“ Ear Nose Throat J. 2000;79(10):778-780, 782.  (PubMed)

47.  Turner RB. (2001): „Ineffectiveness of intranasal zinc gluconate for prevention of experimental rhinovirus colds.“ Clin Infect Dis. 2001;33(11):1865-1870.  (PubMed)

48.  Belongia EA, Berg R, Liu K. (2001): „A randomized trial of zinc nasal spray for the treatment of upper respiratory illness in adults.“ Am J Med. 2001;111(2):103-108.  (PubMed)

49.  Eby GA, Halcomb WW. (2006): „Ineffectiveness of zinc gluconate nasal spray and zinc orotate lozenges in common-cold treatment: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.“ Altern Ther Health Med. 2006;12(1):34-38.  (PubMed)

50.  Jafek BW, Linschoten M, Murrow BW. (2003): „Zicam Induced Anosmia.“ American Rhinologic Society 49th Annual Fall Scientific Meeting, 48-49.  Available at:http://app.american-rhinologic.org/programs/2003ARSFallProgram071503.pdf. Accessed December 12, 2003.

51.  DeCook CA, Hirsch AR. (2000): „Anosmia due to inhalational zinc: a case report.“ Chem Senses. 2000;25(5):659.

52.  VandenLangenberg GM, Mares-Perlman JA, Klein R, Klein BE, Brady WE, Palta M. (1998): „Associations between antioxidant and zinc intake and the 5-year incidence of early age-related maculopathy in the Beaver Dam Eye Study.“ Am J Epidemiol. 1998;148(2):204-214.  (PubMed)

53.  Smith W, Mitchell P, Webb K, Leeder SR. (1999): „Dietary antioxidants and age-related maculopathy: the Blue Mountains Eye Study.“ Ophthalmology. 1999;106(4):761-767.  (PubMed)

54.  Cho E, Stampfer MJ, Seddon JM, et al. (2001): „Prospective study of zinc intake and the risk of age-related macular degeneration.“ Ann Epidemiol. 2001;11(5):328-336.  (PubMed)

55.  Newsome DA, Swartz M, Leone NC, Elston RC, Miller E. (1988): „Oral zinc in macular degeneration.“ Arch Ophthalmol. 1988;106(2):192-198.  (PubMed)

56.  Stur M, Tittl M, Reitner A, Meisinger V. (1996): „Oral zinc and the second eye in age-related macular degeneration.“ Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1996;37(7):1225-1235.  (PubMed)

57.  Age-Related Eye Disease Study Research Group (2001): „A randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of high-dose supplementation with vitamins C and E, beta carotene, and zinc for age-related macular degeneration and vision loss: AREDS report no. 8.“ Arch Ophthalmol. 2001;119(10):1417-1436.  (PubMed)

58.  Evans JR. (2006): „Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for slowing the progression of age-related macular degeneration.“ Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006;(2):CD000254.  (PubMed)

59.  Evans JR. (2002): „Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for age-related macular degeneration (Cochrane Review).“ Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002(1):CD000254.  (PubMed)

60.  Blostein-Fujii A, DiSilvestro RA, Frid D, Katz C, Malarkey W. (1997): „Short-term zinc supplementation in women with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: effects on plasma 5'-nucleotidase activities, insulin-like growth factor I concentrations, and lipoprotein oxidation rates in vitro.“ Am J Clin Nutr. 1997;66(3):639-642.  (PubMed)

61.  Cunningham JJ, Fu A, Mearkle PL, Brown RG. (1994): „Hyperzincuria in individuals with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: concurrent zinc status and the effect of high-dose zinc supplementation.“ Metabolism. 1994;43(12):1558-1562.  (PubMed)

62.  Anderson RA, Roussel AM, Zouari N, Mahjoub S, Matheau JM, Kerkeni A. (2001): „Potential antioxidant effects of zinc and chromium supplementation in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus.“ J Am Coll Nutr. 2001;20(3):212-218.  (PubMed)

63.  Lai H, Lai S, Shor-Posner G, Ma F, Trapido E, Baum MK. (2001): „Plasma zinc, copper, copper:zinc ratio, and survival in a cohort of HIV-1-infected homosexual men.“ J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001;27(1):56-62.  (PubMed)

64.  Wellinghausen N, Kern WV, Jochle W, Kern P. (2000): „Zinc serum level in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients in relation to immunological status.“ Biol Trace Elem Res. 2000;73(2):139-149.  (PubMed)

65.  Mocchegiani E, Muzzioli M. (2000): „Therapeutic application of zinc in human immunodeficiency virus against opportunistic infections.“ J Nutr. 2000;130(5S Suppl):1424S-1431S.  (PubMed)

66.  Tang AM, Graham NM, Saah AJ. (1996): „Effects of micronutrient intake on survival in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection.“ Am J Epidemiol. 1996;143(12):1244-1256.  (PubMed)

67.  Kupka R, Fawzi W. (2002): „Zinc nutrition and HIV infection.“ Nutr Rev. 2002;60(3):69-79.  (PubMed)

68.  McBride K, Slotnick B, Margolis FL. (2003): „Does intranasal application of zinc sulfate produce anosmia in the mouse? An olfactometric and anatomical study.“ Chem Senses. 2003;28(8):659-670.  (PubMed)

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